FANDOM


Sodium acetate

Crystals of sodium acetate trihydrate.

Sodium acetate is the sodium salt of acetic acid, with the chemical formula CH3COONa. It forms a white or translucent powder or crystals that have a variety of uses in the home lab.

PropertiesEdit

ChemicalEdit

Sodium acetate is most commonly seen as a buffering agent for acetic acid solutions. Pure, anhydrous sodium acetate and other acetates may be dry-distilled to yield acetone, though this may not be economical. Though calcium acetate is more often considered, sodium acetate may potentially be combined with concentrated sulfuric acid and then distilled to yield nearly glacial acetic acid, a highly sought-after chemical. Finally, sodium acetate can be reacted with primary haloalkanes, such as chloromethane, to yield an alkyl acetate ester and a sodium salt containing the respective halogen. That esterification is catalyzed by cesium salts.

PhysicalEdit

Sodium acetate typically exists as an anhydrous white crystalline powder or as thin, transparent crystals of the trihydrate. When produced using household vinegar, solutions and crystals of sodium acetate may appear golden or amber in color. Sodium acetate has an odor resembling that of vinegar, though slightly more fruity and pleasant. The taste and low toxicity of this compound allow it to be used as a salt-and-vinegar-type flavoring agent in some foods.

Sodium acetate trihydrate supercools easily and will crystallize on contact with a sufficient nucleation site, such as another crystal of sodium acetate or sodium bicarbonate.

AvailabilityEdit

Though not commonly found in stores, sodium acetate is easily produced from two common household chemicals: vinegar and baking soda.

PreparationEdit

Sodium acetate can be crystallized from a solution in which sodium bicarbonate, carbonate, or hydroxide was combined with an equal or excess of acetic acid (distilled white vinegar will work if high purity is not vital). This is the very same reaction behind the common "baking soda volcano" science experiments that produce a voluminous foam of sodium acetate and carbon dioxide.

The main problem with using even the purest vinegar is that distilled vinegar is not pure acetic acid, as there are plenty of extra organics. Distilling the vinegar beforehand produces pure acetic acid.

ProjectsEdit

HandlingEdit

SafetyEdit

Pure sodium acetate, as well as sodium acetate produced in a sterile environment from vinegar, is of very low toxicity and is even safe to season food with in reasonable quantities (though this usage is not recommended with lab grade chemicals).

StorageEdit

Sodium acetate should be stored in closed bottles. The anhydrous form should be stored in sealed bottles.

DisposalEdit

Sodium acetate has very little toxicity and doesn't require any special disposal. However, because is a sodium salt it's recommended to avoid dumping it on grass or other plants, as it will kill it. It can however be used as a (weak) weedkiller.

ReferencesEdit

Relevant Sciencemadness threadsEdit

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.