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Platinum is a chemical element with the chemical symbol Pt. It is a transition metal, part of the so called "platinum-group metal".

PropertiesEdit

ChemicalEdit

Platinum is extremely resistant to organic and mineral acids. It will, however, dissolve extremely slowly in hot aqua regia, to give chloroplatinic acid.

Pt + 4 HNO3 + 6 HCl → H2PtCl6 + 4 NO2 + 4 H2O

It will also be attacked by molten alkali and cyanides.

PhysicalEdit

Platinum is a lustrous, ductile, and malleable, silver-white metal. It is more ductile than gold, but less malleable.

AvailabilityEdit

Although it can be bought from precious metal stores, platinum is also found in certain electronics and car exhaust catalysts. Electrodes are sometimes coated with platinum. Platinum can be obtained along with silver in small amounts from capacitors obtained through electronics recycling.

Platinum bullion can be bought, which has the advantage of having purity expressed accurately.

PreparationEdit

Platinum can be extracted by dissolving it in aqua regia. The resulting chloroplatinic acid is converted to ammonium chloroplatinate by the addition of ammonium chloride, that can be reduced to platinum metal by heating it, usually in a hydrogen atmosphere. This results in a platinum sponge.

ProjectsEdit

  • Electrolysis

SafetyEdit

Being a noble metal, it is non-toxic, though some of its compounds should be handled with care.

ReferencesEdit

Relevant Sciencemadness threadsEdit

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