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Nitromethane is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH3NO2. It is the simplest organic nitro compound.
Nitromethane is a colorless, slightly viscous, highly polar liquid. It is poorly soluble in water. It freezes at −29°C and boils at around 100°C
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Nitromethane is produced industrially by treating propane with nitric acid at 350–450 °C. This exothermic reaction produces the four industrially significant nitroalkanes: nitromethane, nitroethane, 1-nitropropane, and 2-nitropropane. Nitromethane is extracted via distillation.
Another method involves the reaction between sodium chloroacetate and sodium nitrite in aqueous solution:
- ClCH2COONa + NaNO2 + H2O → CH3NO2 + NaCl + NaHCO3
- Methyl nitroacetate synthesis
- Make ANNM