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LiOH

Lithium hydroxide is a solid white inorganic compound, with the chemical formula LiOH.

PropertiesEdit

ChemicalEdit

Lithium hydroxide is corrosive and will attack glass. It will react with carbon dioxide from air to form lithium carbonate.

2 LiOH + CO2 → Li2CO3 + H2O

Because of its low density and it's ability to absorb it's weight of carbon dioxide, anhydrous lithium hydroxide is used as a chemical scrubber on submarines and space vehicles.

PhysicalEdit

Lithium hydroxide is a a white hygroscopic solid. It is the weakest alkali metal hydroxides. The density of LiOH is 1.46 g/cm3 (anhydrous) and 1.51 g/cm3 (monohydrate). It is soluble in water and slightly less in ethanol. Lithium hydroxide melts at 462 °C.

AvailabilityEdit

Corroded lithium batteries contain a mixture of lithium oxide, lithium hydroxide and lithium carbonate. Adding a solution of calcium hydroxide will convert the carbonate to hydroxide.

Lithium hydroxide is sold by chemical suppliers.

PreparationEdit

Lithium hydroxide can be prepared by mixing two solutions of lithium carbonate and calcium hydroxide.

Li2CO3 + Ca(OH)2 → 2 LiOH + CaCO3

Lithium oxide will slowly convert to lithium hydroxide in moist air.

2 Li2O + 2 H2O → 2 LiOH

The presence of carbon dioxide in moist air will result in lithium carbonate.

Another way is to simply add lithium metal extracted from alkali batteries in water.

2 Li + 2 H2O → 2 LiOH + H2

However this method consumes the expensive metal.

ProjectsEdit

  • Make lithium chloride

HandlingEdit

SafetyEdit

Lithium hydroxide is corrosive to all tissues and it must be handled with proper protection for alkali hydroxides.

StorageEdit

In closed thick PE bottles, away from corrosive vapors and moisture.

DisposalEdit

Best to try to recycle it.

ReferencesEdit

Relevant Sciencemadness threadsEdit

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