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Cupric oxide

Copper(II) oxide or cupric oxide (formula CuO) is a high oxide of copper. It is a black material that often coats old pieces of copper, most commonly found in pure form as a powder.

PropertiesEdit

PhysicalEdit

Copper(II) oxide is a black colored, ionic oxide. It is formed by oxidation of copper metal either with a chemical oxidizer, by heating in atmospheric oxygen or by electrochemical oxidation using copper as a anode. cupric oxide can be converted back to copper metal by carbothermal reduction, in which it is reduced by carbon under strong heat.

ChemicalEdit

Most acids will dissolve copper(II) oxide to give their corresponding copper(II) salts.

AvailabilityEdit

Copper(II) oxide is most commonly used for coloring materials such as cloth and ceramic due to its deep black color. Therefore, it can be bought from pottery supply stores.

PreparationEdit

Copper salts can be precipitated with either a carbonate or hydroxide to form either copper(II) carbonate or copper(II) hydroxide. These salts can be heated to from copper(II) oxide. Copper oxide can also be produced from electrolysis using a copper anode and a dilute solution of hydroxide dissolved in water. This product should be heated at over 200°C to decompose hydroxide impurities.

Projects Edit

  • Explosive thermite
  • Flash powder
  • Producing the energetic bis(ethylenediamine)copper(II) perchlorate
  • Producing other copper salts

SafetyEdit

Copper(II) oxide is an irritant, so avoid handling it directly. Since it is insoluble, it can be disposed of as toxic waste without alteration.

ReferencesEdit

Relevant Sciencemadness threadsEdit

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