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Calcium fluoride is an inorganic salt of calcium, with the chemical formula CaF2. It occurs in nature as the mineral known as fluorite or fluorspar.

PropertiesEdit

ChemicalEdit

Calcium fluoride will react with a strong acid, such sulfuric acid to yield calcium sulfate and hydrogen fluoride.

CaF2 + H2SO4 → 2 HF + CaSO4

PhysicalEdit

Calcium fluoride is a white solid compound. Single crystals are transparent. It is extremely poorly soluble in water (0.0016 g/100 mL at 20 °C) and insoluble in organic solvents. It has a melting point of 1,418 °C and boils at 2,533 °C.

AvailabilityEdit

Calcium fluoride occurs naturally as the mineral fluorite, that can be purchased from mineral sellers. Certain homeopathy tablets also contain calcium fluoride. Purer calcium fluoride is available from chemical suppliers.

Calcium fluoride optic objects, such as lens, windows, filters, prisms are an interesting application of the substance. At least one website offers many such items.

PreparationEdit

Calcium fluoride can be prepared by reacting a fluoride, such as sodium fluoride with a soluble calcium salt.

ProjectsEdit

HandlingEdit

SafetyEdit

Calcium fluoride has poor solubility in water. Contact with strong acids should be avoided, as it will generate hydrofluoric acid.

StorageEdit

Calcium fluoride should be stored away from strong acids.

DisposalEdit

Calcium fluoride does not require any special disposal.

ReferencesEdit

Relevant Sciencemadness threadsEdit

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